First of all, before we go into details about symptoms of iodine deficiency, let us know what iodine activity does in our body? Iodine is a mineral, very important for our bodies. It is an essential mineral of the thyroid gland, which regulates the development and structure of the body. Our body does not make iodine, so we have to replenish it externally.
The need for iodine in the body varies according to age. According to the National Institutes of Health, adults need 150 micrograms of iodine per day, while pregnant and breastfeeding women need 220 to 290 micrograms of iodine per day.
Fatigue and depression:
Iodine is a micronutrient present in all body tissues. Iodine is directly linked to the thyroid gland. Iodine deficiency prevents hunger from producing enough thyroid hormone and causes hypothyroidism. Sadness, fatigue, obesity, constipation, etc. It is a symptom of hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism slows down the process of reducing calories in a person, causing the body to start losing energy. Low strength means that the muscles cannot function properly and weakness is felt in this condition.
Women need more thyroid hormones during pregnancy. This triggers the thyroid hormone myelin, which stores and protects nerve cells, helping them to communicate better. Iodine deficiency increases the risk of miscarriage and stillbirth. Iodine deficiency can affect the development of the fetus, as it interferes with the nervous development of the fetus. Iodine deficiency in pregnant women is likely to cause brain damage to the baby.
Unusual weight gain
Lack of iodine in the body can increase body weight. In that case, fatigue often begins. Even if you don’t look good, it can still have a very bad effect on the body.
Hair loss and dry skin:
Iodine deficiency causes hypothyroidism. Dry skin and hair loss are the main symptoms. Thyroid hormone causes new hair to grow in the body, but a deficiency of thyroid hormone stops this process. Similarly, the thyroid hormone also helps to form new cells. Hormone deficiency kills cells and often causes dry or flaky skin.
Loss of concentration and focus:
Lack of iodine also affects brain function, making it difficult to concentrate, meaning patients are unable to concentrate. If this symptom occurs along with other symptoms, iodine testing should also be performed.
Inflammation of the neck:
Iodine deficiency can cause swelling of the neck. This is because the size of the thyroid gland increases. When hunger does not get enough iodine, it tries to absorb the extra iodine from the diet. This increases the size of the gland and swells the neck.
Lack of iodine reduces metabolism and reduces energy. This makes the body feel weak and cold when touched.
What to do if you suspect iodine deficiency
The thyroid gland can be tested if there is a risk of iodine deficiency. Iodine deficiency is detected by blood tests. If iodine cannot be produced naturally in the body, eating is the only way to achieve it. Grains, cereals, milk, fish, and seafood are good sources of iodine. Meat and eggs also have a certain amount of iodine. Apart from this, potatoes, milk, dried grapes, curd, brown rice, garlic, mushrooms, spinach, and iodine salt are also good sources. It is best to pay attention to these symptoms of iodine deficiency so that the remedies start on time.