Pregnancy planning is very important to ensure the health of the mother and the baby. During pregnancy, the focus should be on nutrition. Although there are many foods that nourish the mother and baby and we are all focused on them, it is important to focus on foods that are harmful to the baby or mother. Some foods can cause serious loss, so pregnant women or pregnant women should keep these in mind. MedPlus brings you an important list of foods you should avoid:
Mercury has the potential to affect the development of the baby’s brain, so it is recommended to avoid fish with heavy mercury. Sushi, mackerel, shark, whalefish, and sailfish are the fish with high mercury traces, so avoid them altogether. Fish also have seasickness, so it’s a good idea to keep them away from mother food. Raw, boiled, or contaminated seafood can harm the fetus and should not be eaten.
- Unwashed fruits and vegetables:
Fruits and vegetables are subject to many pesticides and herbicides, which may contain pathogens such as Toxoplasma gondii and Listeria bacteria. These can lead to food poisoning and threaten the growth of the baby. Fruits and vegetables should always be washed in water and avoid eating raw vegetables such as cabbage and spinach. Also, cook all vegetables and leafy greens before eating. Also, do not store fruits and vegetables for long periods of time.
Papaya contains a lot of latex, which is a natural method of contraception; The compounds in papaya can cause uterine contractions and cause miscarriage. Black grapes increase body heat, which is harmful to the baby. The bromelain found in pineapple softens the uterus and leads to pre-term childbirth. Eggplant stimulates menses, so it is advisable not to eat these particular fruits and vegetables.
Eating raw meat can spread toxoplasma infection from mother to child. Prolonged exposure to this infection can lead to blindness and mental retardation in the infant.
- Raw sprouts and nuts:
Raw sprouts and nuts may contain some harmful bacteria that can cause bacterial infection and slow down the growth of the embryo (embryo). Some women develop an allergy to certain nuts in the long run, so it is advisable to consult a doctor before taking nuts.
Alcohol consumption during pregnancy can lead to fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) in which a baby is born with lifelong physical and intellectual disabilities. This is because the alcohol consumed by the mother goes to the fetus without being filtered.
- Herbal Tea and Herbal Supplements:
Some herbs can cause premature birth and miscarriage. Moreover, the benefits and drugs of herbal tea have not been proven in scientific studies, so it is better not to consume them during pregnancy.
Spices cause heartburn in most people and increase the risk of it in pregnant women, which can lead to morning sickness, so it is best not to eat spices as long as you drink a glass of warm milk or a tablespoon of honey.
- Vitamin Medications:
Do not take vitamin supplements without your doctor’s advice. High vitamin intake adversely affects the normal growth of the fetus. This can lead to pre-term labor.
Caffeine dehydration is caused by excessive urination. It is important to always get hydrated. Dehydration is harmful to the baby, especially during pregnancy. It is associated with low birth weight, childbirth, and miscarriage.
- Unpasteurized milk and cheese:
Unpasteurized dairy products contain pathogens that are harmful to your health and can cause vomiting and diarrhea. Unpasteurized soft cheese often contains Listeria bacteria, which can lead to neural tube defects in the baby, so choose cheeses like cheddar and Swiss. Always go for fresh and cooked food products.
- Raw or soft boiled eggs:
Raw or soft-boiled eggs may contain a bacterium called Salmonella, which can cause food poisoning in pregnant women. It can also lead to diarrhea (diarrhea) and vomiting. It is recommended to avoid sweets and other foods made with raw eggs.
- Nitrate Rich Foods:
Nitrate reacts with hemoglobin (aka hemoglobin) and modified proteins in the blood and interferes with the body’s ability to supply oxygen to the placenta. Nitrate-containing foods include diet sodas, sausages, artificial sweeteners, and extra flavors.
- Artificial sweeteners and canned foods:
Artificial sweeteners are not good for your health even if you are not pregnant. The mother placenta does not filter out artificial sweeteners, which means your baby will eat these harmful compounds directly.
Canned food is packed with preservatives and artificial flavors to enhance shelf life and flavor. They may contain bacteria and viruses and may contain bisphenol A in the walls of the can, which affects the baby’s endocrine system.
- Processed Junk Food:
Junk food is very tasty and exciting, but it is also high in malnutrition and calories, it contains a lot of preservatives and high levels of sugar, which can lead to heart disease and type-2 diabetes. . In addition, many studies have shown that pregnant women who eat more junk food while pregnant may gain unwanted weight and give birth to an overweight baby.